ACL Injuries in the Female Athlete: Causes, Impacts, and by Frank R. Noyes M.D., Sue D. Barber-Westin B.S. (auth.),

By Frank R. Noyes M.D., Sue D. Barber-Westin B.S. (auth.), Frank R. Noyes, Sue Barber-Westin (eds.)

Nearly 1000000 anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) accidents take place every year world wide, inflicting long term difficulties within the knee joint. This textbook examines the fast- and long term affects of ACL accidents at the foundation of 1000s of released stories. danger components for such accidents are explored utilizing information from hypothesis-driven investigations, and attainable reasons of the better danger of noncontact ACL accidents in girl athletes are analyzed. Neuromuscular education courses proven to lessen the speed of those accidents in woman athletes are defined in step by step element as a result of various colour pictures and video demonstrations. furthermore, exact descriptions are supplied for rehabilitation courses for use after ACL reconstruction for you to decrease the chance of a destiny damage. The ebook could be of worth to orthopedic surgeons, actual therapists, athletic running shoes, activities medication fundamental care physicians, and power and conditioning specialists.

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28 vs. 09 per 1,000 athlete exposures). 2 Meta-analysis ACL injury rates for male and female athletes [80]a Female athletes Sport Basketball Soccer Handball Lacrosse Rugby Wrestling Level Professional Collegiate High School Collegiate High school Elite Adult recreational Collegiate Collegiate Collegiate Male athletes No. exposures 45,036 7,119,962 233,538 4,873,287 155,822 40,799 5,815 Incidence rate No. 86 No. ACL No. 0001) resulted in 10 or more days of lost playing time. 3 % on average per year over the 16-year period.

Seven injuries occurred during cutting and three during single-leg landings. The injured player was handling the ball in all cases. The data regarding knee flexion angles, knee adduction and abduction angles, and tibial rotation demonstrated that, at initial foot contact before the injury, a neutral limb position was present. The knee abduction angle was neutral (mean 0°; range, −2° to 3°), and the tibial rotation angle was slightly external (mean, 5°; range, −5° to 12°). Knee flexion averaged 23° (range, 11–30°).

Gait Abnormalities .................................................... Changes in Muscle Activation Strategies During Functional Activities .............. Alterations in Proprioception and Balance ......................................................... Impairment in Single-Leg Hop Functional Testing .............................................. 29 29 30 30 31 Added Problems with Loss of Meniscus Function ........................................ Review of Biomechanics and Function of the Menisci ................................

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