American Heavy Frigates 1794-1826 (New Vanguard, Volume 79) by Mark Lardas

By Mark Lardas

By way of 1805 the 44-gun frigate was once most likely seen as a failed scan when the 38-gun frigate was once considered because the vessel of the longer term. Ten years later each military used to be development 44-gun frigates and this day it truly is considered because the image of the Napoleonic-era cruiser. This notable transformation resulted from the functionality of 3 ships – the structure, usa, and President – 44-gun frigates outfitted for the USA military among 1794 and 1799. Their victories within the naval warfare of 1812, in addition to their functionality opposed to the Barbary Pirates, stuck the mind's eye of the area – and spurred all navies into re-examining the category.

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In February 1678, for instance, the States-General promised special rewards again, but this time only to those privateers who recaptured Dutch ships seized by the enemy. According to the terms of the arrangement, those who retrieved a Dutch ship within 48 hours of its seizure would receive “a lawful fifth of the established value of the freed ship and goods”; those who recaptured one within 96 hours would receive “a legal third of the prescribed value”; and those who reclaimed one after 96 hours would receive “the lawful half of the prescribed value .

At the same time, the bookkeeper had to hire a captain and crew, as well as request the necessary letter of commission from the authorities. During the early years of the Dutch Republic, when the Dutch were still actively combating the Spanish, William of Orange required that captains be of Dutch descent. They were also often of noble origin, and usually hailed from Holland, Friesland, and to a lesser extent, Zeeland. 153 Additionally, after the dawn of the 1600s, few came from the nobility, although some were members of the distinguished regent families.

121 And in 1672, the States-General promised special rewards to those privateers and navy men who could capture any English or French warships. A privateer stood to earn still more if he could target particular naval vessels, for the higher the rank of the enemy officer commanding these warships, the higher the amount of the promised premium. 122 Sometimes the premiums involved very specific instructions. In February 1678, for instance, the States-General promised special rewards again, but this time only to those privateers who recaptured Dutch ships seized by the enemy.

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